The information and content on this website are produced using best evidence and also local EMS protocols and policies. Our best effort has been put forth to provide quality information. Any errors, typographical errors, omissions, etc, are possible. The Stanford Prehospital Education Project does not claim to provide completely accurate information. You understand that by using our site and services, you acknowledge and agree that the information contained herein is provided “as is” and without any warranty, condition, or representation of any kind.
The information contained herein is not a substitute for independent clinical judgement of a prehospital provider or physician. The Stanford Prehospital Project and its editors and creators are not responsible or liable for any clinical decision made, treatment provided or withheld, based on the information provided through this website. Dosing, indications, and methods of use for products referred to in the Stanford Prehospital Education Project (SPEP) are not necessarily the same as indicated in the package insert for a product and the provider’s EMS authority should be followed as it pertains to clinical care.